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The brain is one of the most complex systems in the known universe, a living computer that controls not only basic functions of the body but ponders and directs responses to what’s going on in its surroundings. But when it comes to understanding how the brain works — and, in some cases, how to heal what is ailing it — practitioners of optogenetics know that the answer can lie in natural optical phenomena that have existed since before modern life even began.
In optogenetics, researchers and clinicians introduce a series of light-sensitive proteins that can effectively transmit DNA to various types of neural cells via a natural pumping mechanism within the molecules. The light-sensitive properties can thus be…READ MORE