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A German team successfully demonstrated atom interferometry in space on board a sounding rocket. Atom interferometry uses the wave character of atoms to make high-precision measurements. The application can be used to measure the gravitational field of Earth, for example, and to detect gravitational waves.
The team of researchers from multiple universities and research centers was led by Leibniz University Hannover. It launched the MAIUS-1 mission in January 2017, which became the first rocket mission on which a Bose-Einstein condensate was generated in space. According to Patrick Windpassinger, a professor at the Institute of Physics at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), the ultracold ensemble of atoms that the group cooled…READ MORE