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A research team that includes scientists from Google AI Quantum; NASA Ames Research Center; University of California, Santa Barbara; Oak Ridge National Laboratory; and other institutions in the U.S. and Europe has demonstrated that a quantum computer can outperform a classical computer at certain tasks, in a feat known as quantum supremacy.
The quantum computer, built by Google and named Sycamore, consists of 53 qubits. The classical computer competing with Sycamore was Summit from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Summit is a powerful machine with more than 4600 compute nodes.
Google’s quantum supreme cryostat with Sycamore inside. Courtesy of Erik Lucero/Google.
Both systems performed a task known as random…